# Springfield Express: Various Break-Even Point Calculation

Springfield Express is a luxury passenger carrier in Texas. All seats are first class, and the following data are available:

Number of seats per passenger train car 90
Average load factor (percentage of seats filled)        70%
Average full passenger fare     \$160
Average variable cost per passenger     \$70
Fixed operating cost per month  \$3,150,000
What is the break-even point in passengers and revenues per month?
What is the break-even point in number of passenger train cars per month?
If Springfield Express raises its average passenger fare to \$ 190, it is estimated that the average load factor will decrease to 60 percent. What will be the monthly break-even point in number of passenger cars?
(Refer to original data.) Fuel cost is a significant variable cost to any railway. If crude oil increases by \$ 20 per barrel, it is estimated that variable cost per passenger will rise to \$ 90. What will be the new break-even point in passengers and in number of passenger train cars?
Springfield Express has experienced an increase in variable cost per passenger to \$ 85 and an increase in total fixed cost to \$ 3,600,000. The company has decided to raise the average fare to \$ 205. If the tax rate is 30 percent, how many passengers per month are needed to generate an after-tax profit of \$ 750,000?

(Use original data). Springfield Express is considering offering a discounted fare of \$ 120, which the company believes would increase the load factor to 80 percent. Only the additional seats would be sold at the discounted fare. Additional monthly advertising cost would be \$ 180,000. How much pre-tax income would the discounted fare provide Springfield Express if the company has 50 passenger train cars per day, 30 days per month?
Springfield Express has an opportunity to obtain a new route that would be traveled 20 times per month. The company believes it can sell seats at \$ 175 on the route, but the load factor would be only 60 percent. Fixed cost would increase by \$ 250,000 per month for additional personnel, additional passenger train cars, maintenance, and so on. Variable cost per passenger would remain at \$ 70.
Should the company obtain the route?
How many passenger train cars must Springfield Express operate to earn pre-tax income of \$ 120,000 per month on this route?
If the load factor could be increased to 75 percent, how many passenger train cars must be operated to earn pre-tax income of \$ 120,000 per month on this route?
What qualitative factors should be considered by Springfield Express in making its decision about acquiring this route?