Multiple Choice Questions

Real estate economics - with depreciation

1.   A problem with the specific identification method is that

a.   inventories can be reported at actual costs.

b.   management can manipulate income.

c.   matching is not achieved.

d.   the lower of cost or market basis cannot be applied.

2.     In a period of increasing prices, which inventory flow assumption will result in the lowest amount of income tax expense?

a.   FIFO

b.   LIFO

c.   Average Cost Method

d.    Income tax expense for the period will be the same under all assumptions.

3.     When applying the lower of cost or market rule to inventory valuation, market generally means

a.   current replacement cost.

b.   original cost.

c.   resale value.

d.   original cost, less physical deterioration.

Comparison of Oracle and Microsoft (Ratio Analysis)

Oracle logo at the Oracle headquarters.

For Parts 1 and 2:

Create an Excel spreadsheet to show your computations for the six ratios listed under each part.

For Part 3:

Create an Excel spreadsheet to show your computations for the six ratios listed under this part and also to include (copy and paste) the ratio calculations from the first two parts. In this part, you will calculate the last six ratios as well as comment on all of the ratios calculated so far, including the first twelve ratios calculated under the first two parts. Your comments for each ratio should include more than just a definition of the ratio. You should focus on interpreting each ratio number for each company and support your comments with the numbers found in the ratios.

The summary and conclusion should discuss the liquidity, solvency and profitability of each company.

Part 1

Prepare a four-column worksheet in Excel, with the left-most column (column 1) to write the ratio names, the second column from the left (column 2) to show the calculation of each ratio for Oracle Corporation, the second column from the right (column 3) to show the calculation of each ratio for Microsoft Corporation, and the right-most column (column 4) to include your DETAILED comments about each ratio and what the ratio tells you about each company under study. Calculate each of the following six ratios. Earnings per Share Current Ratio, Gross Profit Rate, Profit Margin Ratio, Inventory Turnover Ratio, and Days in Inventory (Average Age of Inventory).

Part 2

Prepare a four-column worksheet in Excel, column 1 to write the ratio names, column 2 to show the calculation of each ratio for Oracle Corporation, column 3 to show the calculation of each ratio for Microsoft Corporation, and column 4 to include your DETAILED comments about each ratio and what the ratio tells you about each company under study. Calculate each of the following six ratios. Receivable Turnover Ratio, Average Collection Period, Assets Turnover Ratio, Return on Assets, Ratio Debt to Total Assets Ratio, and Times Interest Earned Ratio

Part 3

Prepare a four-column worksheet in Excel, column 1 to write the ratio names, column 2 to show the calculation of each ratio for Oracle Corporation, column 3 to show the calculation of each ratio for Microsoft Corporation, and column 4 to include your DETAILED comments about each ratio and what the ratio tells you about each company under study. Remember to copy and paste the ratio calculations and interpretations from the first two parts of the project in this worksheet, in addition to calculating the following six ratios. Payout ratio, Return on Common Stockholders’ Equity Ratio, Free Cash Flow Current, Cash Debt Coverage ratio, Cash Debt Coverage ratio, and Price/Earnings Ratio [For the purpose of this ratio, use the market price per share on June 1, 2007 for each company].

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Objective Type Costing Questions

Objective Type Costing Questions 

1. Which one of the following does not appear on the  balance sheet of a manufacturing company?

  • Raw materials inventory
  • Finished goods inventory
  • Work in process inventory
  • Cost of goods manufacture

2. Cost of goods manufactured is calculated as follows:

  • Beginning WIP + direct materials used + direct labor + manufacturing overhead + ending WIP.
  • Direct materials used + direct labor + manufacturing overhead – beginning WIP + ending WIP.
  • Beginning WIP + direct materials used + direct labor + manufacturing overhead – ending WIP.
  • Direct materials used + direct labor + manufacturing overhead – ending WIP – beginning WIP.

3. Which one of the following is an example of a period cost?

  • A change in benefits for the union workers who work in the New York plant of a Fortune 1000 manufacturer
  • Workers’ compensation insurance on factory workers’ wages allocated to the factory
  • A box cost associated with computers
  • A manager’s salary for work that is done in the corporate head office

Summary of MediSys Corp.: The IntensCare Product Development Team Summary

Write a one page summary of  HBR Brief case study ‘MediSys Corp.: The IntensCare Product Development Team’.

Please, also include the key points of this case study.

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Analysis of Financial Statements of Southwest Airlines Co.

Analysis of Financial Statements of Southwest Airlines Co. in $19 Only (Instant Download)

1) What 3 items of important information does the Southwest income statement reveal about the financial performance of the company over the last three years?
2) What 3 items of important information does the Southwest balance sheet reveal about the financial position of the company over the last two years?
3) Can you identify the major sources of funding for operating costs and capital expenditures used by Southwest Airlines from the information presented in the company’s annual report? If not, how could you get this information?
4) Who is responsible for: a) the issuance, and b) the content of the Southwest financial statements?
5) What assurance, if any, is there that the Southwest financial statements are in compliance with GAAP, and are free of material misstatements?
6) Of what use, if any, are the notes to the financial statements? Quantitative analysis tied to the financial statement concepts will add value to your work.
Sample Answer:
Question 2. What 3 items of important information does the Southwest balance sheet reveal about the financial position of the company over the last two years?

Answer:

Balance is another important statement of final account. It is also known as a report card of the corporation. It shows the position of the company at any particular date. The most three important information from the Southwest income statement are given below:

Improvement in current assets to current liabilities ratio

The company is able to improve its current ratio in last three years. In the year 2006 the current ratio was hovering around below one, however, it increased and touched 1.03 at the end of 2008.

Rising Debt

Debt to equity ratio increased from 0.26 in 2006 to 0.79 at the end of 2008. Debt to assets ratio also increased from 0.13 in 2006 to 0.27 at the end of 2008. In reflecting that in assets financing debt part in increasing faster than equity part.

Decrease in Total Equity

Total equity of the firm was decreased substantially in the year 2008 when it compares to 2007. In 2007 total equity was $6941 million, which fell to $4953 million by the end of 2008.

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Net Present Value (NPV) Calculations Using Each Model

 Net Present Value (NPV) Calculations Using Each Model

Need the Net Present Value (NPV) calculations each model using the following techniques and ignoring income Net Present Value (NPV) Calculations Using Each Modeltaxes: Dr. David Dunn, head of the radiology department at Grant Clinic Inc., is adding a new piece of diagnostic equipment to the department. Two similar models are offered by two different vendors, and both models would serve the needs of the clinic. Both also have an estimated useful life of five years, with no salvage value at the end of five years. The only difference between the two models is the cost and estimated annual labor savings, as shown below: Model A Model B Cost, including installation $120,000 $110,000 Estimated annual labor savings $40,000 $32,000 The straight-line method of depreciation is used on the books. Senior management of the clinic has established a target rate of return of 15% for all equipment with a useful life of over two years and a desired payback period of three years.

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Objective Type Questions

a) A company sells a product which has a unit sales price of $5, unit variable cost of $3 and total fixed costs of $120,000. The number of units the company must sell to break even is

  1. 60,000 units.
  2. 24,000 units.
  3. 240,000 units.
  4. 40,000 units.

b) A company has total fixed costs of $120,000 and a contribution margin ratio of 20%. The total sales necessary to break even are

  1. $480,000.
  2. $600,000.
  3. $150,000.
  4. $144,000.

c) At the break-even point of 2,500 units, variable costs are $55,000, and fixed costs are $32,000. How much is the selling price per unit?

  1. $34.80
  2. $9.20
  3. $12.80
  4. $22.00

Management Accounting Questions (AC 330 Unit 2)

Economist salaries by educational attainment.

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1. Classify the items into the following categories: (a)direct materials (b)direct labor (c)manufacturing overhead: 1.salaries for assembly line inspectors 2.insurance on factory machines 3.property taxes on the factory building 4.factory repairs 5. upholstery used in manufacturing furniture 6.wages paid to assembly line workers 7.factory machinery depreciation 8.glue,nails,paint,and other small parts used in production 9.factory supervisors’ salaries 10.wood used in manufacturing furniture

2. Determine the total amt. of (a)delivery service (product) costs and (b) period costs: indirect materials $5400, depreciation on delivery equipment $11200, dispatchers salary $5000, property tax on building $870, CEO salary $12000, gas and oil $2200, drivers’ salaries $11000, advertising $1600, delivery repairs $300, supplies $650, utilities $990, equip repairs $180.