Fundamentals of Capital Budgeting: Replace Old Machine or Not

Fundamentals of Capital Budgeting: Replace Old Machine or Not

One year ago, your company purchased a machine used in manufacturing for $110,000. You have learned that a new machine is available that offers many advantages; you can purchase it for $150,000 today. It will be depreciated on a straight-line basis over 10 years, after which it has no salvage value. You expect that the new machine will produce EBITDA (Earnings Before interest, taxes, depreciation, and amortization) of $40,000 per year for the next 10 years. The current machine is expected to produce EBITDA of $20,000 per year. The current machine is being depreciated on a straight-line basis over a useful life of 11 years, after which it will have no salvage value, so depreciation expense for the current machine is $10,000 per year. All other expenses of the two machines are identical. The market value today of the current machine is $50,000. Your company’s tax rate is 45%, and the opportunity cost of capital for this type of equipment is 10%. Is it profitable to replace the year-old machine?

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Ratio Analysis of L.S. Starrett Company (NYSE: SCX)

Research the company L.S. Starrett Company and search its corporate website and find its financial  statements then calculate the past three year’s worth of financial ratios. You will need to calculate all of the  Liquidity and Asset Management ratios, Total debt to total assets ratio, all of the Profitability ratios, the P/E and M/B ratio.

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Plant Assets of Jimenez Company

At December 31, 2008, Jimenez Company reported the following as plant assets.

SOMF Asset Patterns

Land              $4,000,000

Buildings       $28,500,000

Less: Accumulated depreciation-buildings        12,100,000    16,400,000

Equipment    48,000,000

Less: Accumulated depreciation-equipment      5,000,000      43,000,000

Total plant assets                       $63,400,000

During 2009, the following selected cash transactions occurred.

April 1 Purchased land for $2,130,000.

May 1 Sold equipment that cost $780,000 when purchased on January 1, 2005. The equipment was sold for $450,000.

Question on Elimination Entry etc

Historical financial statement

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At the end of the year 2003, a parent sold equipment to a wholly owned subsidiary for $32,000. The equipment cost the parent $100,000 and, at the date of the inter company sale, had accumulated depreciation of $60,000 and a four-year remaining life. Both the subsidiary and the parent use straight line depreciation and assume no salvage value. The subsidiary plans to depreciate the asset over the equipment’s remaining four-year life.

Required:

A) Prepare the elimination entry or entries required on the consolidation work papers used to prepare a complete set of financial statements for the years 2003 and 2004.

B) Compute the amounts that would appear in the year 2005 consolidated balance sheet for the equipment and related accumulated depreciation.

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