Fundamentals of Capital Budgeting: Replace Old Machine or Not

Fundamentals of Capital Budgeting: Replace Old Machine or Not

One year ago, your company purchased a machine used in manufacturing for $110,000. You have learned that a new machine is available that offers many advantages; you can purchase it for $150,000 today. It will be depreciated on a straight-line basis over 10 years, after which it has no salvage value. You expect that the new machine will produce EBITDA (Earnings Before interest, taxes, depreciation, and amortization) of $40,000 per year for the next 10 years. The current machine is expected to produce EBITDA of $20,000 per year. The current machine is being depreciated on a straight-line basis over a useful life of 11 years, after which it will have no salvage value, so depreciation expense for the current machine is $10,000 per year. All other expenses of the two machines are identical. The market value today of the current machine is $50,000. Your company’s tax rate is 45%, and the opportunity cost of capital for this type of equipment is 10%. Is it profitable to replace the year-old machine?


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Plant Assets of Jimenez Company

At December 31, 2008, Jimenez Company reported the following as plant assets.

SOMF Asset Patterns

Land              $4,000,000

Buildings       $28,500,000

Less: Accumulated depreciation-buildings        12,100,000    16,400,000

Equipment    48,000,000

Less: Accumulated depreciation-equipment      5,000,000      43,000,000

Total plant assets                       $63,400,000

During 2009, the following selected cash transactions occurred.

April 1 Purchased land for $2,130,000.

May 1 Sold equipment that cost $780,000 when purchased on January 1, 2005. The equipment was sold for $450,000.