Fundamentals of Capital Budgeting: Replace Old Machine or Not

Fundamentals of Capital Budgeting: Replace Old Machine or Not

One year ago, your company purchased a machine used in manufacturing for $110,000. You have learned that a new machine is available that offers many advantages; you can purchase it for $150,000 today. It will be depreciated on a straight-line basis over 10 years, after which it has no salvage value. You expect that the new machine will produce EBITDA (Earnings Before interest, taxes, depreciation, and amortization) of $40,000 per year for the next 10 years. The current machine is expected to produce EBITDA of $20,000 per year. The current machine is being depreciated on a straight-line basis over a useful life of 11 years, after which it will have no salvage value, so depreciation expense for the current machine is $10,000 per year. All other expenses of the two machines are identical. The market value today of the current machine is $50,000. Your company’s tax rate is 45%, and the opportunity cost of capital for this type of equipment is 10%. Is it profitable to replace the year-old machine?

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Multiple Choice Questions

Real estate economics - with depreciation

1.   A problem with the specific identification method is that

a.   inventories can be reported at actual costs.

b.   management can manipulate income.

c.   matching is not achieved.

d.   the lower of cost or market basis cannot be applied.

2.     In a period of increasing prices, which inventory flow assumption will result in the lowest amount of income tax expense?

a.   FIFO

b.   LIFO

c.   Average Cost Method

d.    Income tax expense for the period will be the same under all assumptions.

3.     When applying the lower of cost or market rule to inventory valuation, market generally means

a.   current replacement cost.

b.   original cost.

c.   resale value.

d.   original cost, less physical deterioration.

Management Accounting Questions (AC 330 Unit 2)

Economist salaries by educational attainment.

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1. Classify the items into the following categories: (a)direct materials (b)direct labor (c)manufacturing overhead: 1.salaries for assembly line inspectors 2.insurance on factory machines 3.property taxes on the factory building 4.factory repairs 5. upholstery used in manufacturing furniture 6.wages paid to assembly line workers 7.factory machinery depreciation 8.glue,nails,paint,and other small parts used in production 9.factory supervisors’ salaries 10.wood used in manufacturing furniture

2. Determine the total amt. of (a)delivery service (product) costs and (b) period costs: indirect materials $5400, depreciation on delivery equipment $11200, dispatchers salary $5000, property tax on building $870, CEO salary $12000, gas and oil $2200, drivers’ salaries $11000, advertising $1600, delivery repairs $300, supplies $650, utilities $990, equip repairs $180.